By Larraine Roulston:
April celebrates National Garden Month. In order to have plants thrive in a , healthy soil is key. The blogexplains that we should ”feed the soil, not the plant” to create a natural soil without the use of synthetic fertilizers, andoutlines methods to do so.
; therefore, in order to keep our next generation robust, we need to start from the ground up. Even apartment or townhouse dwellers can acquire that will allow fresh organic produce be part of their diet.
Ensure that your soil maintains good texture, is loose and contains an abundance of nutritious organic matter. If your gardening area does not measure up to these three standards, here’s how to give it a helping hand:
By digging in compost and vermicompost as an amendment, you will add nutrients and microbial life. This helps loosen dense soils and provides proper drainage. Inquire whether your locality offers a soil testing service. For an inexpensive fee, you will receive invaluable information that will benefit your garden for many years.Also, soil test kits are available in gardening stores.
An ideal texture is essential for rooting and drainage; therefore, loosen your soil to a depth of at least 12”. Test by squeezing a handful of moist soil to determine if the ball breaks easily. Clay soil will remain in a lump, so you will need to include some sand and decaying leaves. Soil that crumbles quickly will require an abundance of compost or manure to maintain moisture.
Nutrients are critical also. Adding finished compost or aged manure will provide the three major nutrients — nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. If you are , adding one cup of Epsom salt for each 100 square feet of planting soil can help. As an alternative, water once a month with a solution of two tablespoons Epsom salt to one gallon of water.
Try . Compost tea is created when a shovelful of seasoned compost is placed in a sack and suspended in water. After it has steeped, along with occasional stirring for a couple of days, this nutrient rich, amber liquid can be spread on the garden. Begin by dampening the selected area. As compost tea is very rich in nutrients, it should be diluted with water if its color is darker than amber.
You might also want to check your soil’s pH level (further explained in the last link below). Try testing soil yourself with baking soda and vinegar by digging as deep as 8” to collect many samples at various depths. Mix soil and let dry. Place a handful into a container and add 1/2 cup of vinegar. If it fizzes, you have alkaline soil. In another container, dampen the same amount with distilled water and add 1/2 cup of baking soda. If it fizzes, you have acidic soil. If neither, your soil is perfectly neutral. Some plants prefer acidic soil; it depends on what you wish to grow.